The manufacturing and use of pesticides has been rising tremendously in India. The waste generated by the pesticide industry has become an environmental problem due to the present insufficient and ineffective waste treatment technology involving physico-chemical and biological treatment. The available data indicates that pesticide residues remain in surface soil, leading to toxicity in the soilwater environment. The recent advances in bioremediation technology using microbial consortium has been found effective for treatment of pesticides in soil. In the present study, a Surface Soil Treatment Unit has been designed wherein bioremediation of commonly used pesticides namely chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, fenvalerate, and trichlopyr butoxyethyl ester at varying concentration viz. 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg have been carried out using cow-dung microbial consortia under simulated environmental conditions. The bioremediation conditions have been monitored and maintained during the study. The investigation has been extended till the parent compound was converted into intermediates and/or less harmful compounds. These then will further mineralize, from part of the microbial food chain and/or become integrated into the humic fractions. The results presented here highlight the potential of cowdung slurry consortia for bioremediation of soil contaminated with pesticides in surface soil treatment unit.
Geetha, M., & Fulekar, M. H. (2008). Bioremediation of pesticides in surface soil treatment unit using microbial consortia. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2(2), 036-045.
I chose this article because I thought it was interesting that they took cow dung and used it’s natural microbial community to degrade certain pesticides. This could be very beneficial information for agricultural businesses. It could be a very affordable way to decrease concentrations of certain pesticides.