Microbial Community Profiles in Wastewaters from Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Technology

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4725721/

JaÅ‚owiecki, Łukasz et al. “Microbial Community Profiles in Wastewaters from Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Technology.’ Ed. Andrew C Singer. PLoS ONE 11.1 (2016): e0147725. PMC. Web. 15 Feb. 2018.

Summary

The aim of the study was to determine the potential of community-level physiological profiles (CLPPs) methodology as an assay for characterization of the metabolic diversity of wastewater samples and to link the metabolic diversity patterns to efficiency of select onsite biological wastewater facilities. Metabolic fingerprints obtained from the selected samples were used to understand functional diversity implied by the carbon substrate shifts. Three different biological facilities of onsite wastewater treatment were evaluated: fixed bed reactor (technology A), trickling filter/biofilter system (technology B), and aerated filter system (the fluidized bed reactor, technology C). High similarities of the microbial community functional structures were found among the samples from the three onsite wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), as shown by the diversity indices. Principal components analysis (PCA) showed that the diversity and CLPPs of microbial communities depended on the working efficiency of the wastewater treatment technologies. This study provided an overall picture of microbial community functional structures of investigated samples in WWTPs and discerned the linkages between microbial communities and technologies of onsite WWTPs used. The results obtained confirmed that metabolic profiles could be used to monitor treatment processes as valuable biological indicators of onsite wastewater treatment technologies efficiency. This is the first step toward understanding relations of technology types with microbial community patterns in raw and treated wastewaters.

I chose this paper because it gives a good insight on the diversity of microbes that are examined during wastewater treatment and it also elaborates on how exactly they were able to determine what microorganisms were found during the shifts in the substrate.

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